Start studying The Easter Rising, 1916. The last rebel to be executed was Roger Casement by hanging on August the third. What were the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising, The whole doc is available only for registered users. This was one of the most important developments, for now also Catholics could fully take part in the politics of their country. A third element was that the majority of the public was, at least at that time, not supportive of an armed rebellion. Another problem was that the Irish citizens did not get “a fairer share in government”[2] after the Act of Union. This had a huge impact in Ireland. The predictable effect of these measures was to increase public sympathy, both for the rebels and their goals. Therefore, after the Act of Union, one of the main goals was to repel these laws, and to strengthen the rights of the Catholic population. There were several notable affects of the Easter Rising. Lv 4. The British government proposed the 26 county free state and it was accepted. Not only did they loose the parliament in Dublin, but the former members now also had to take their seats at Westminster. Although this tradition was celebrated in the nationalist discourse of the times, most autonomists had come to view physical force as an anachronistic relic from the past. However, the building in this postcard remained intact, although many of its windows were … In 1900, the first steps were taken by Arthur Griffith, who founded a group called Cumann na nGaedheal. The loyal support of the home rule party became depressed that home rule further away than when initially granted in 1914. The Easter Rising revived the use of violence for political purposes. After 6 days of fighting, insurgents were forced to surrender. Now, “Russell’s cabinet was seen to preside over the decimation of the Irish population in an especially heartless and brutal manner.”[5] This development, even though it was still many years away from the Easter Rebellion, might still be considered one of the major influences, because “[t]he powerlessness of the people, and the apparent indifference of the government to their sufferings, left a dangerous legacy of anger and resentment that was to shape political developments in the second half of the nineteenth century.”[6]. We have received your request for getting a sample.Please choose the access option you need: With a 24-hour delay (you will have to wait for 24 hours) due to heavy workload and high demand - for free, Choose an optimal rate and be sure to get the unlimited number of samples immediately without having to wait in the waiting list, Using our plagiarism checker for free you will receive the requested result within 3 hours directly to your email. As we look at the country today and think that 90 years have flown since a group of brave men took on the might of an Empire in what to many was a foolish effort to shake off the chains that bound us to what had been our masters for roughly 700 years. It was to be the Republican strategy for the rest of the century. P erhaps the most controversial aspect of the Easter Rising of April 24, 1916, was its legacy. Irish officials enacted Martial law and participated in mass arrests (in addition to executions of leaders) until the fall of 1916. This turned public opinion in Ireland against the British government. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. The aftermath of Easter Week 1916. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. They commuted the death sentences of the remaining leaders and imposed prison sentences instead. The main reasons for this swing in support to militant nationalism were the harsh treatment by the British government to the leaders of the rising in 1916, the failure to implement home rule in 1914. However, the consequences of this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous. Both sides came to a truce in 1921. There were a number of short-term consequences of the rising. The rising itself was a total military failure, but it did have some political benefits for the Fenian movement. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Most people had estimated that it would merely last a few months, and as long as it continued it hindered most of the activities of the rebels. The War of Independence and the Civil War were profoundly shaped by the legacy of 1916. They now had adapted more successful tactics guerrilla warfare. Providing home rule for North and South, with a parliament in Dublin and Belfast. Launching brutal retaliatory attacks on civilians. This had a huge impact in Ireland. Lastly it will be dealt with the consequences of the Easter rebellion, and how it influenced the political proceedings in the years following 1916. Following will be a recount of the happenings on that fateful Easter Monday and the four days after, including the results of the upheaval and the subsequent reactions of the British government. The IRA learned from the past they simply could not defeat Britain in another rising. Broken glass, toppled stone and razed buildings are one element of the physical damage that resulted from the Easter Rising. The General Election in 1918 and its Consequences This created a new wave of anti-British feeling. Home rules greatest opponents had now become government ministers. 4.2. [11][12] The preparation itself was my no means a smooth process, and was interspersed with difficulties, which will be explained in the following chapter. Also the eating habits of the common people proved to be troublesome, because during the last part of the 18th century, the potato became the essential element of their diet. Therefore, only one other event will be further explained here because of its importance for the developments after the Easter rising. The government of Ireland act 1920 was wrote up. Fearghal McGarry (Queen's University, Belfast) - The outcome of the Rising; Tim Bowman (University of Kent) – The British Army in the Rising; The famine and despair that followed was one of the most horrendous occurrences in the history of the country. In 1914, the IRB planned a revolutionary outbreak, which would later be known as the Easter Rising in 1916.[10]. More than 90 people were sentenced to death for their part in the Easter Rising. This development only served to distance most of the Irish from the Government in Britain. - It only takes five minutes 5 1 customer reviews 1 customer reviews - Every paper finds readers, http://www.uni-jena.de/ Home Rule was no longer acceptable. There were large protests in Ireland against the execution of Fenian prisoners, many of whose death sentences were, as a result, reprieved. When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. Nationalist people no longer saw home rule as an option and saw it as too little too late. 4 Answers. Many events have given account to the repeated struggle of the Irish people against invasion and the loss of their freedom. 1 decade ago. [1] Unless stated differently, the following explanations are mostly based on Oonagh Walsh, Ireland's Independence, 1880 – 1923 (London: Routledge, 2002) 1-42. Source based activities on the Consequences of the Easter Rising for 1-9 GCSE students. Here you will also find the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your research paper well-formatted and your essay highly evaluated. The shape of Irish Politics had been transformed for the rest of the century. Which made it seem more and more likely Ulster would be separated from home rule. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Even though the Irish technically lost the Rising, it boosted the morale of the Irish and started a chain of significant future events. The Pearse declared that Ireland was now an independent country. They set up their own Dail courts, police service and collected taxes. 1916: The Rising and its impact For many Irish people the Easter Rising was a bolt from the blue but its roots can be traced back over the … His answer was partition. Although the rising was easily suppressed, it galvanised the Irish people in opposition to the government in London. While many of these were later relased, 170 rebels were court-martialled and between the 3rd and 12th of May, 16 rebels were executed including all seven signatories of the proclamation. Your Answer Is Very Helpful For UsThank You A Lot! David Lloyd George was under pressure from the British public to do something. Even though the IPP was also against this Sinn Fein got the credit. The legacy of which continues to live on. The first chapter will consist of a synopsis of the proceedings leading up to the rising, and the naming of possible reasons for the rebellion. These restrictions were recorded in the so called Penal Laws. The rising was a symptom of the failure of Home Rule. Additionally, the Act was frowned upon by many, which eventually lead to a rebellion shortly after, in 1803. Many of the buildings in Dublin city centre were almost in ruins after the Rising. We have received your request for getting a sample. One problem was that not all the leaders of the movement looked favourably upon the idea of an violent rebellion. 4.4. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. [13] Robert Kee, The Bold Fenian Men, The Green Flag Volume Two (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1989) 198. - Publication as eBook and book The rising made Britain realise that it had to compromise and Ulster Unionists they could not continue to have it their own way. There were, of course, other events of importance in the years prior to the Easter rebellion, among them the rise and fall of Charles Steward Parnell, the founding of the Land League and its consequences, as well as the several attempts at Home Rule under Gladstone. When the British government sent in the black and Tans as a response. This started the Ira’s war of independence. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. In this meeting, strategies for further actions were discussed. The main reason more people began to support Sinn Fein was in 1918 when the British government tried to implement conscription to Ireland. As Irish support for the war dropped due to anti- British feeling. The aim of this paper will be to show that the Easter Rebellion of 1916 was the crucial event in the history of modern Ireland, and that it profoundly shaped political relations with England for many years afterwards. Answer Save. 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