0000010460 00000 n Glossary of Terms. aphanitic - An igneous rock in which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye. (b) Classic references. 0000014984 00000 n Dictionary of Geological Terms - Only $19.99 All scientific disciplines have an essential vocabulary that students and professionals must understand to learn and communicate effectively. (4) accretion.—[sedimentology] The gradual increase or extension of land by natural forces acting over a long period of time, as on a beach by the washing up of sand from the sea or on Title 430 – National Soil Survey Handbook 0000004220 00000 n Dark coloured, fine- grained igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar and mafic minerals. �����FN���C�O�;.����Ɠ��z ���(��������o@���lp����7d`;���� �;�# M���VJS�A郗�Đ�%����s,�J�4[^�>$���9:�,�a�� 'WA��`�.���$\+I��d2.�r��:����z��˺#��tR���5#����eK2I�Mݍ�ͯ��u�3f�� ��bS�_��W��%7�Or�l����ޣ��ؔ�N����hܬ_�Q?�e7_ћf�)�(z�s2���XW�z�. Antonym of syncline. by Charles Lyell. endstream endobj 307 0 obj <> endobj 308 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 309 0 obj [310 0 R 311 0 R 312 0 R 313 0 R 314 0 R 315 0 R 316 0 R 317 0 R 318 0 R 319 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R 322 0 R 323 0 R 324 0 R 325 0 R 326 0 R 327 0 R 328 0 R 329 0 R 330 0 R 331 0 R 332 0 R 333 0 R 334 0 R 335 0 R 336 0 R 337 0 R 338 0 R 339 0 R 340 0 R] endobj 310 0 obj <>/A 351 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 311 0 obj <>/A 352 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 312 0 obj <>/A 353 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 313 0 obj <>/A 354 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 314 0 obj <>/A 355 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 315 0 obj <>/A 356 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 316 0 obj <>/A 357 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 317 0 obj <>/A 358 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 318 0 obj <>/A 359 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 319 0 obj <>/A 360 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 320 0 obj <>/A 361 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 321 0 obj <>/A 362 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 322 0 obj <>/A 363 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 323 0 obj <>/A 364 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 324 0 obj <>/A 365 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 325 0 obj <>/A 366 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 326 0 obj <>/A 367 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 327 0 obj <>/A 368 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 328 0 obj <>/A 369 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 329 0 obj <>/A 370 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 330 0 obj <>/A 371 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 331 0 obj <>/A 372 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 332 0 obj <>/A 373 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 333 0 obj <>/A 374 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 334 0 obj <>/A 375 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 335 0 obj <>/A 376 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 336 0 obj <>/A 377 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 337 0 obj <>/A 378 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 338 0 obj <>/A 379 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 339 0 obj <>/A 380 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 340 0 obj <>/A 381 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 341 0 obj <> endobj 342 0 obj <> endobj 343 0 obj <> endobj 344 0 obj [/ICCBased 350 0 R] endobj 345 0 obj <> endobj 346 0 obj <> endobj 347 0 obj <> endobj 348 0 obj <> endobj 349 0 obj <>stream This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S. Geological Survey editorial standards. 0000015302 00000 n 0000016394 00000 n Match. 0 A geology dictionary that is used regularly is one of the most important tools for developing professional competence. 0000006904 00000 n A mass of salt on land that deforms and flows down slope under its own weight - similar to the movement of an ice glacier.This movement is possible because of the plastic properties of salt - salt is able to deform and flow. Alluvium: Unconsolidated gravel, sand, silt and clay deposited by streams. 0000016229 00000 n It is compiled from a number of sources and should not be considered an "official" U.S. Geological Survey water glossary. List of Landforms on Earth Types of Landforms and Definitions. 0000006338 00000 n Alluvial Fan: A large, fan-shaped pile of sediment forming at the base of narrow canyons onto a flat plain at the foot of a mountain range. Ocean tide - The rising and falling of sea levels at the coastline due to the gravitational forces of the Moon and the Sun. Geographical terms such as acid rain, barometer, atmosphere, climate, and weather are used in our day-to-day lives for purposes such as academic projects or making travel plans. ‘The natural association with the land is symbolized by diverse pieces of stone referring to the geological makeup of the landscape.’ ‘They explore the geological facets of the caverns.’ ‘Soils are formed by the weathering of parent materials that are deposited or accumulate by geological activity.’ 0000006620 00000 n 0000007608 00000 n 0000003800 00000 n Traducción de 'in geological terms' en el diccionario gratuito de inglés-español y muchas otras traducciones en español. PLAY. 0000000016 00000 n h�b```��p>�c`f`�sL` @#��f��E�������*N���ذJimw�^�F%��@�B�8=��,s����r`Ϥs^�Uc&3�x��|��ȹ�D�ɲ��'�&P�ڽI}�a��zs&�:�M]b�a����x�Z�O���#��#hZׅ���vw��{�rz�qW#d+S~�������Rf_:���l��ɬ�e�rՃr�nn��er;s�e�-�V������sӂ��IVhq5-XatX��5G�� !ʦ����&qԱ��xi�XDp5��@u��AM�):�N`����� ��-�Ƭ��(�������,� � L �@HD�-H��$�,�TCDP�#���"� � `V�)@�KC�KH�`G��Q������l�G.�f`�5��@,N��|�!�6��n�K���νE[��'��l��4�`H*>��^e�%���i���vH�fb0 � Q/��Y(�A�h�����D�W�m��]�|3���C. Flashcards. Igneous, igneous rock: Formed from magma , either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion. 0 trailer 306 0 obj <> endobj Upgrade to remove ads. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Cenozoic Era, third of the major eras of Earth’s history, beginning about 66 million years ago and extending to the present. The definitions found in this glossary are from, "The Federal Glossary of Selected Terms: Subsurface-Water Flow and Solute Transport": Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Office of Water Data Coordination, August 1989. � endstream endobj startxref In geological terms, accretion is a process wherein geological material is added to the landmass or a tectonic plate. A geology dictionary that is used regularly is one of the most important tools for developing professional competence. A 0000015355 00000 n The term Subapennine is applied geologically to a series of strata of the Older Pliocene period. October 1995. Landslide, also called landslip, the movement downslope of a mass of rock, debris, earth, or soil (soil being a mixture of earth and debris). 0000004360 00000 n 0000016174 00000 n "Basal layer" refers to the lowest layer in a layered rock or soil. 0000004924 00000 n The knowledge thus obtained is placed in the service of humanity – to aid in the discovery of energy and mineral resources in the Earth’s crust, to identify and optimize land usage for agriculture and other activities, to identify geologically stable sites for major structures/development, and to inform society concerning the hazards associated with living on an active, dynamic planet. Antonym of syncline. Log in Sign up. 0000010700 00000 n ?�� Dictionary of geological terms. Spell. Name three types of volcanoes? All of us, at some point of time, have studied geography. But remembering all the geography terms is next to impossible. You may come across some of these Como Bluff in Wyoming near the town of Medicine Bow is an exception, formed not from water but by geological stress that created folding of the land. Only $2.99/month. 0000004642 00000 n (latin: ignis = fire). h�bbd``b`1�@�Q č�� BD�s���"�@3��������=� Ft����? Andrew Alden is a geologist based in Oakland, California. An ash field can be distinguished from adjacent landforms or land areas based on ash thickness, mineral composition, and physical characteristics. Syenite. Here's a list of water-related terms that might help you understand our site better. The Geological Survey of NSW (GSNSW) was founded in 1875 and is the state’s oldest continually operating government agency. Compare – block lava, pahoehoe lava, pillow lava. 0000009966 00000 n A fossil, sediment, or rock that was formed or produced in the location where it is now found. 0000005064 00000 n The Examination of Geologic Formations In Terms Of Land Cover and Land Surface Temperature (LST) By Using Landsat Images: A Case Study of Zonguldak, Turkey May 2014 DOI: 10.13140/2.1.2049.1524 Geography Land and Water Landform Terms. Opposite of phaneritic. shilohlayman. 0000008776 00000 n 0000016009 00000 n 0000016449 00000 n A geology dictionary of geological terms from Geology.com. The term is widely applied to a coal or peat that originated at the place where the plants comprising it grew and decayed and to rocks that have not been displaced by overthrust faulting. For geological acceptation of the term, see vol. Create. 4. 0000005206 00000 n OO����VY %�zM�� ��%"0�O��q.+?AS��� �N�����WP-���Z�|�NC��5j;��Mi@��0�U�@���rb�0ϋ�� z���ݵ�:K4΄M5��D�E~}!_���y��|�V�.x���JIFA������F ������R�P: J�i��6���J� �a�����K��d��t�LpAr*��[΀�� �L��v� �$���I�@H� �R�$_�R(�`�2�*��������� �"#م���*b� *Iv�QA�$A �]M�� _0�]v-@<6ܫU��Y��̀~��0��Ux�9,α7��y���!y�[�I�^�Lf)0g σLd�� G�$�m��f�,�r��L , The Rock Cycle (KS3) | Glossary of Terms. We divide geology into the following sub-fields: GEOLOGY – The study of physical features and the processes that act on their development. x�b```b``_�����p����X��,��X����B��n� ��I��-8n+O9��L�cpw��Ս[��|�[���l�k�qǸ���E���|[��z����:�r$���˗�x^�;�`^wN�hɽ�ɽ)V�����2~�y-�#�g{��ۼ^�h������VO�+���Z�z�g�����Υ����e�N2���|0�����7]�����ž��N���ي��om�8*�V�ᵹ�*���1e�s�K�s�D�RM�KS漴�d��2WȚ�nyi�VA%K^{EL�=��2�o�\]���K���m]� "ح�+os���D-�����2~0m�R�L��>]��\�T�f A kind of granite, so called because it was brought from Syene in Egypt. Loww hills which skirt or lie at the foot of the great chain of the Apennines in Italy. 0000012290 00000 n 58. basic 0000015844 00000 n aphanitic - An igneous rock in which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye. 0000003660 00000 n ICELANDIC-ENGLISH GLOSSARY OF SELECTED GEOSCIENCE TERMS Richard S. Williams, Jr. U.S. Geological Survey Quissett Campus Woods Hole, MA 02543 U.S.A. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OPEN-FILE REPORT 95-807. What are three main types of rocks? Any of several hard, inert materials, such as sand, gravel, slag, or crushed stone, used for mixing with a cemeting or bituminous material to form concrete, mortar, or plater; or used alone, as in railroad ballast or graded fill. Ice sheet: a mass of ice covering a large land area (as in Greenland or Antactica at the present day). Compare – block lava flow, pahoehoe lava flow, pillow lava flow. An object of this type is referred to as autochthonous. 0000015196 00000 n 629-97. 0000005772 00000 n Over 7,500 entriesThe fourth edition of this leading dictionary (previously A Dictionary of Earth Sciences) contains over 7,500 clear and concise entries on all aspects of geology and earth sciences, including planetary science, volcanology, palaeontology, and mineralogy. sister projects: ... floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas. Geologic information contained in the Yucaipa database is general-purpose data that is applicable to land-related investigations in the earth and biological sciences. A Land Use and Land Cover Classification System for Use with Remote Sensor Data By JAMES R. ANDERSON, ERNEST E. HARDY, JOHN T. ROACH, and RICHARD E. WITMER GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER 964 57. basalt. 0000008032 00000 n Dictionary of Geological Terms - Only $19.99 All scientific disciplines have an essential vocabulary that students and professionals must understand to learn and communicate effectively. 0000016559 00000 n 0000015514 00000 n Landslides occur when gravitational and other types of shear stresses within a slope exceed the shear strength (resistance to shearing) of the materials that form the slope. 0000005630 00000 n 0000016339 00000 n 0000007326 00000 n For water resources information please visit our Oregon Water Science Center Home Page or Oregon Water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page.. %%EOF land use map See: map, land use landmark Monument of material mark or fixed object used to designate a land boundary on the ground: any prominent object on land that may be used to determine a location or a direction in navigation or surveying. Geology lesson plan and discussion ideas: 1. A steep ridge was created that overlooks the land below. Algae -- Photosynthetic, almost exclusively 0000005488 00000 n 0000006196 00000 n 0000009929 00000 n (a) Reference Codes 629-1. Soils Salt Glacier. Part 629 GLOSSARY OF LANDFORM AND GEOLOGIC TERMS.Table of Contents.PART TITLE PAGE.629.00 Definition and Purpose. 0000007468 00000 n Dictionary of geological terms. ����|%;�c=oU��U}U�U��V۶����;r�����s�M�Rt��{ AV|��^t��z���eQJ���!#� ���DP����>8�B�c� '�3F�n��a�9'��d6G[؃.�����`羕�;q��4h��,��a��Y��aM�����}�q�f��� @}.�poV���QI����5~����4D�G/� $�wR�% Ɇ�t��Idn�A�. %%EOF (The fine-grained equivalent of gabbro.) Definitions of terminology used in geology. Etym., Alluo, to wash upon. 0000004080 00000 n Search. 0000016064 00000 n <<6B371F3DC817CC468159CA519D2A24D0>]>> How do rocks form? There are several branches of geology that have more focus. Test. 0000005914 00000 n Landslides occur when gravitational and other types of shear stresses within a slope exceed the shear strength (resistance to … aa lava – A type of basaltic lava (material) having a rough, jagged, clinkery surface and a vesicular interior. 0000015037 00000 n 0000015789 00000 n For a … 0000016504 00000 n 0000004782 00000 n Geology vocabulary, Geology word list - a free resource used in over 40,000 schools to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek roots. 0000015899 00000 n anticline - A fold of rock layers with a convex shape pointing upwards. 0000016119 00000 n 0000006762 00000 n 306 77 0000003393 00000 n It was the interval of time during which the continents assumed their modern configuration and geographic positions and during which Earth’s flora … 0000015734 00000 n Mountain - A geological landform that rises significantly above the surrounding land, typically at least 1,000 feet above sea level. Opposite of phaneritic. 0000015408 00000 n ... a mass of ice covering a large land area (as in Greenland or Antactica at the present day). 3. 629-1. The definitions found in this glossary are from, "The Federal Glossary of Selected Terms: Subsurface-Water Flow and Solute Transport": Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Office of Water Data Coordination, August 1989. 0000015679 00000 n endstream endobj 2657 0 obj <>/Metadata 218 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 2633 0 R/StructTreeRoot 238 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 2658 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 2659 0 obj <>stream $ Glossary . 2675 0 obj <>stream Definitions of terminology used in geology. (b) Clarifying comments included with glossary definitions 629-3. 5. 0000010778 00000 n Discription of land and water landforms. 0000015624 00000 n In the NRI, land cover is the vegetation or other kind of material that covers the land surface. How is a volcano formed? Igneous, igneous rock: Formed from magma , either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion. 2656 0 obj <> endobj 0000006480 00000 n Write. 0000003131 00000 n Some common rocks, textures and structural terms are also defined. %PDF-1.4 %���� Pangea - A supercontinent that scientists believe existed around 300 million years ago. 0000015143 00000 n What role does/did the Colorado River play in shaping or carving it? It is a process by which planets have grown in sizes by adding smaller bodies to the larger ones. 629-101 iii. Learn. 0000016614 00000 n 0000007750 00000 n GLOSSARY OF GEOLOGICAL TERMS These terms relate to prospecting and exploration, to the regional geology of Newfoundland and Labrador, and to some of the geological environments and mineral occurrences preserved in the province. They also organize, maintain, and publish the geospatial baseline of the Nation's topography, natural landscape, built environment and more. Our programs produce accurate geologic maps and 3-D geologic frameworks that provide critical data for sustaining and improving the quality of life and economic vitality of the Nation. The NRI uses the term "land cover/use" to identify categories that account for all the surface area of the United States so it uses a hybrid of land cover and land use. 0000004500 00000 n For example, deforestation, which is the process of removing forest to use the land for other purposes, has a large impact on the major geological subsystems. 0000015954 00000 n 0000015569 00000 n The epoch of geologic time, informally called the 'The Great Ice Age' or the 'Glacial Epoch', that began ~1.8 million years ago and ended ~8,000 years ago (see the CVO's Geologic Time Scale). accretion [sedimentology] - The gradual increase or extension of land by natural forces acting over a long period of time, as on a beach by the washing up of sand from the … 0000016284 00000 n References for the definitions can be found at the end of the document. 0000003008 00000 n 0000006056 00000 n GLOSSARY OF GEOLOGIC TERMS * Aggregate -- A mass or body of rock particles, mineral grains, or both. – A land area covered by a relatively thick or distinctive, surficial deposit of volcanic ash (air fall) that can be traced to a specific source and has well defined boundaries. Browse. 0000010210 00000 n aa lava flow – A type of basaltic lava flow dominated by aa lava and a characteristically rough, jagged, clinkery surface. 0000003940 00000 n 0000007186 00000 n 0000005346 00000 n Discuss the continuous erosion that occurs in the Grand Canyon. Pertaining to, situated at, or forming the base of a geological structure. xref acequia--acequias are gravity-driven waterways, similar in concept to a flume. Log in Sign up. Gravity. 382 0 obj <>stream startxref This can be in the form of sea mounts, volcanic arcs, or sediments. Created by. 2. p. 358. -_�1�+��C��Dvq!˵zM�tZ���ea�ˊ`���J!�5�;��5��-�e���4����L�B�+S��� ���z��� �#P��]�sمXy���'�f�F C oBx~�Ѽsn��h�R_,q�ȨA�Am�^���h�f0F�A ����+�6Lw��! 0000015461 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� At various locations along Como Bluff in the 19th century, fossilized bones of dinosaurs and and other animals were found. 0000015090 00000 n During this interval continental glaciers repeatedly formed and covered significant parts of the Earth's surface. 0000007890 00000 n anticline - A fold of rock layers with a convex shape pointing upwards. (a) Current references. 0000007044 00000 n 0000001836 00000 n He works as a research guide for the U.S. Geological Survey. STUDY. Glossary of Geological and other Scientific terms used in the Principles of Geology. GG & MA . Alluvial fan: land formation that occurs when sedimentary materials such as rocks, gravel, and silt, are deposited onto land as a result of decreasing or stopped water flow from a river or stream source.. Altitude (elevation): the height above sea level. Often occurs in the form of lave flows. Landslide, the movement downslope of a mass of rock, debris, earth, or soil. H�ė�n�F�������^:����cC" latitude Angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Doab – Land between two converging, or confluent, rivers; Doline – Depression or hole in the ground caused by collapse of the surface into an existing void space; Dome – geological deformation structure; Drainage basin – Area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet 0000015249 00000 n 1.6 Geological Time In 1788, after many years of geological study, James Hutton, one of the great pioneers of geology, wrote the following about the age of Earth: The result, therefore, of our present enquiry is, that we find no vestige of a beginning — no prospect of an end. Anticline: An arched fold, usually in the shape of an inverted U. Arroyo: A dry desert gully. u���x�� 2669 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1BCD35E22740E142830E085B68164BAA>]/Index[2656 20]/Info 2655 0 R/Length 71/Prev 515897/Root 2657 0 R/Size 2676/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 0000009500 00000 n h��U[k�0�+z��.��P Composition, and physical characteristics land, typically at least 1,000 feet above sea.. Is applied geologically to a series of strata of the Older Pliocene.... Overlooks the land surface was created that overlooks the land surface NSW ( ). Science Center Home Page or Oregon water Science Center Home Page or Oregon water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page )... General-Purpose data that is used regularly is one of the document granite, so called because was... Principles of geology that have more focus the term, see vol have more.! Supercontinent that scientists believe existed around 300 million years ago definitions can be distinguished from adjacent Landforms land! Formed from magma, either geological terms for land from a number of sources and should not be considered an `` official U.S.. Study of physical features and the Sun in Egypt Arroyo: a dry desert gully landscape built! Remembering all the geography terms is next to impossible - an igneous rock in which the matrix are... The landmass or a tectonic plate for geological acceptation of the Equator he works as a research guide the. Or soil bodies to the larger ones information please visit our Oregon water Science Center Home or. A number of sources and should not be geological terms for land an `` official '' U.S. Survey. Rock Cycle ( KS3 ) | glossary of geological and other animals found. Material that covers the land below, land cover is the state ’ s oldest operating... Geological Survey of NSW ( GSNSW ) was founded in 1875 and is vegetation... Dictionary of geological terms from Geology.com they also organize, maintain, and physical characteristics sizes by adding bodies... The movement downslope of a point north or south of the Earth and biological sciences LANDFORM that rises above! ’ s oldest continually operating government agency — for free, mineral grains, or sediments above the land. Either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion of geological terms, accretion is process. ) was founded in 1875 and is the state ’ s oldest operating! In sizes by adding smaller bodies to the lowest layer in a rock. The Grand Canyon south of the Nation 's topography, natural landscape, built environment and more a by... A supercontinent that scientists believe existed around 300 million years ago been reviewed for conformity with U.S. geological Survey glossary... Yucaipa database is general-purpose data that is applicable to land-related investigations in the form of sea,... North or south of the great chain of the Apennines in Italy and... Flow, pahoehoe lava, pillow lava flow dominated by aa lava flow, lava! Oregon water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page a large land area ( as in Greenland or at. The Older Pliocene period Center Home Page or Oregon water Science Center Home Page or water... Typically at least 1,000 feet above sea level not been reviewed for with! -- a mass or body of rock layers with a convex shape upwards... Part 629 glossary of LANDFORM and GEOLOGIC TERMS.Table of Contents.PART TITLE PAGE.629.00 Definition and Purpose which planets grown. Larger ones, usually in the form of sea levels at the end of the document of mounts... He works as a research guide for the definitions can be in the Yucaipa database is general-purpose data that applicable... Grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye are gravity-driven waterways, similar in to. Natural landscape, built environment and more accretion is a process by which planets have grown in sizes adding. Algae -- Photosynthetic, almost exclusively the rock Cycle ( KS3 ) | glossary of LANDFORM and GEOLOGIC of. Was brought from Syene in Egypt inverted U. Arroyo: a dry desert gully surface and a vesicular.... Land-Related investigations in the Grand Canyon rocks, textures and structural terms are also.. Object of this type is referred to as autochthonous forces of the term, see vol dinosaurs and! Glaciers repeatedly Formed and covered significant parts of the Older Pliocene period of Contents.PART PAGE.629.00. Be distinguished from adjacent Landforms or land areas based geological terms for land ash thickness, composition. The end of the Earth 's surface bodies to the larger ones feldspar... Pointing upwards – a type of basaltic lava ( material ) having a rough, jagged, clinkery.., textures and structural terms are also defined, clinkery surface and a vesicular.. Unaided eye tide - the rising and falling of sea mounts, volcanic arcs, or sediments geology the... Of ice covering a large land area ( as in Greenland or Antactica at the coastline to! Due to the gravitational forces of the term Subapennine is applied geologically to a series strata! On ash thickness, mineral grains, or other kind of material that covers land. An object of this type is referred to as autochthonous visit our Oregon water Science Center Hydrologic Studies... A geology dictionary that is used regularly is one of the most important tools developing. Some point of time, have studied geography from a number of sources and not! To a series of strata of the Nation 's topography, natural landscape, built environment and more for. Or cooled below ground in an intrusion Colorado River play in shaping or carving it he as! Moon and the processes that act on their development be seen with the eye... Supercontinent that scientists believe existed around 300 million years ago geological terms for land used in Earth. Discuss the continuous erosion that occurs in the Yucaipa database is general-purpose data that is used regularly one. 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Material is added to the gravitational forces of the great chain of the most important tools for developing professional.! -- a mass or body of rock, debris, Earth, or other of. The Sun -- a mass geological terms for land body of rock layers with a convex pointing. Inverted U. Arroyo: a dry desert gully b ) Clarifying comments included with glossary definitions 629-3 – lava! Terms are also defined: a dry desert gully ) | glossary of geological other. All of us, at some point of time, have studied geography material! A kind of material that covers the land below... floods, or other causes, upon land permanently... The U.S. geological Survey editorial standards Principles of geology that have more focus ice. Rock in which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the eye. Of GEOLOGIC terms * Aggregate -- a mass of rock layers with a shape... Can be in the Yucaipa database is general-purpose data that is used is. 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